Slavery apology OKd by Delaware legislative panel
By Matt Bittle, Delaware State News, Jan. 14, 2016
DOVER — A House committee unanimously approved a resolution that formally apologizes for slavery Wednesday, sending it to the chamber floor for a vote.
Gov. Jack Markell announced last month he would support a proposal that would have Delaware officially acknowledge and apologize for its role in slavery.
“For generations, our country denied and actively contested a basic fact of humanity: that nothing about the color of one’s skin affects that person’s innate rights to freedom and dignity,” Gov. Markell, a Democrat, said in a December statement. “We must publicly and candidly acknowledge the lasting damage of past sins — damage that continues to reverberate more than 150 years after the abolition of slavery.”
President Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, abolished slavery in states in rebellion against the federal government with his Emancipation Proclamation, which took effect on Jan. 1, 1863.
However, slavery wasn’t formally abolished in Delaware — a “border state” loyal to the Union during the Civil War — until the Republican-dominated Congress and three-fourths of the states approved the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1865.
Delaware initially rejected the 13th Amendment.
In November, Gov. Markell referred to slavery as America’s “original sin” when he posthumously pardoned a black man sentenced in 1847 for helping slaves escape.
House Joint Resolution 10, discussed last year and introduced last week, is supported by 18 lawmakers, all Democrats.
The proposal is intended as a tool to help with healing, not as a piece of evidence in future litigation, main sponsor Rep. Stephanie Bolden, D-Wilmington, claimed.
The resolution promotes “the love and respect of each and every culture, regardless of religion, of race or creed.”
On Wednesday, Rep. Bolden, who is black, referred to personal experiences of discrimination she experienced, such as businesses granting service only to whites, and cited recent movements such as Black Lives Matter as evidence of the racial divide in the United States.
The apology can help play a role, however small, in remedying that divide, its supporters insist.
“It is not anything that is detrimental to anyone but it shows the expression of love and unity, especially in the First State, which was one of the last states to abolish,” Rep. Bolden said.
According to the resolution, eight of the 18 states that had slaves at the start of the Civil War in 1861 have apologized for slavery, including Maryland and Virginia. The city of Dover formally apologized for slavery in 2010.
Rep. Daniel Short, R-Seaford, proposed an amendment that would add language apologizing for the state’s treatment of Native Americans. The amendment could be discussed on the House floor today.
But Rep. Bolden said she is not in favor of the proposed change, believing it does not directly cover the intent of the
resolution, which does note Native Americans were also enslaved in the 1600s.
Some civil rights activists were in the room Wednesday to support the apology.
Jack Guerin, a member of the Coalition to Dismantle the New Jim Crow, a Delaware group that says its mission is to combat mass incarceration, said Americans cannot start confronting racism until they acknowledge it.
So-called “Jim Crow” laws which denied African-Americans basic rights, largely in the Democratic-dominated Southern states in decades following the Civil War, were not uniformally abolished until after the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964.
“There has never been any official recognition that something is wrong with our racist history or that our ancestors could have made better choices,” Mr. Guerin said. “This is the elephant in the American living room.”
These Four States Gave Up Mass Incarceration And Saw A Dramatic Drop In Crime
by James DeVinnie • October 19, 2015
America’s epidemic of mass incarceration is a moral outrage and a tremendous waste not only of taxpayer money but also of social potential and human capital. Now, however, as the results begin to file in from the first states that have wisely sought to reduce their prison populations, it has become clear that ending mass incarceration has an additional benefit: reducing crime. A new report from the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU’s School of Law examined changes in incarceration and crime rates in four states – New York, New Jersey, South Carolina, and California – that have been at the forefront of the movement to end mass incarceration, and found a universal correlation between a reduced prison population and lower crime rates.
In New Jersey, the last decade has seen a 26% reduction of the state’s prison population and a concurrent decline in crime rates of more than 30%. Across the river in New York, the prison population has been cut by 28% since 1999 while violent crime has fallen 31% and property crime has fallen 28%. Just since 2011, when New York enacted far-reaching sentencing reform that eliminated mandatory minimums, decreased felony quotas, and increased judicial discretion, the state has seen its crime rate drop by an astonishing 11% as the prison population declined by a further 5%.
In California, where a budget crisis and prison overcrowding have belatedly spurred the state to the forefront of prison reform, the report found that since 2006 the prison population has been cut by 23% as violent crime declined by 21% and property crime by 13%. Finally, in South Carolina, the same pattern has become clear since the state eliminated mandatory minimums and expanded parole eligibility in 2010: violent crime has plummeted 28% and property crime has fallen 9% even as incarceration has decreased by 14%.
The drug war has been an undeniable failure that has left a terrible toll of destroyed lives and devastated communities in its aftermath. It’s been a long time coming, but politicians do seem to be coming to the realization that our system of mass incarceration needs serious reform – even if many Republicans continue to defend the clearly failed policies of the past at the behest of the private prison lobbyists who line their coffers. Despite the overwhelming evidence that mass incarceration does more harm than good and only leads to recidivism and a culture of violence and lawlessness in targeted communities, Republicans have repeatedly used scare tactics to impede prison reform. They’ve warned of the danger of releasing criminals and “monsters” back into the community, no matter that the system makes such incarceration nearly unavoidable.
Now, however, even that last desperate argument has been blown to shreds by the actual evidence that is now coming back from the states that have been sensible enough to move forward with prison reform. Crime is falling nationwide (although you wouldn’t know it from the skyrocketing prison populations in many states) but the decline has in fact been more pronounced in those states that have reduced their prison populations. If we can restore the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness to America’s degraded underclass that has been holed up in our bloated prison system while simultaneously reducing crime rates for everyone – which the evidence emphatically demonstrates we can – why in the world wouldn’t we?
HBO Special on Prison Reform (full episode)